Explore Fayoum .. Where History Meets Nature

10 April 2023

Pyramids of Fayoum

The Pyramids of Fayoum are some of the most mysterious and fascinating structures in Egypt. Located in the Fayoum Oasis, these pyramids are believed to have been built during the Old Kingdom period, around 2500 BC. Although they are not as well-known as the famous pyramids of Giza, the Pyramids of Fayoum are still an important part of Egypt’s history and culture.

Pyramids of Fayoum hawara

The Pyramids of Fayoum are also unique in that they are made from mud brick rather than stone. This was likely due to the fact that there were no nearby sources of stone, so mud brick was used instead. The mud bricks were then covered with a layer of limestone, which helped to protect them from erosion and decay.

Pyramids of Fayoum

The Pyramids of Fayoum are an important part of Egypt’s history and culture and offer an interesting insight into how ancient Egyptians lived and built their monuments. Although they may not be as well-known as their counterparts at Giza, these pyramids still offer an interesting glimpse into Egypt’s past and should not be overlooked when visiting this fascinating country.

Hawara pyramid in Fayoum

Hawara pyramid

Structure named labyrinth said to contain three thousand rooms full of hieroglyphs and paintings and yet no archaeological evidence so you can see why historians felt Herodotus was embellishing an account especially considering the father of history's horrific reputation with regards to accuracy with time however more and more of Herodotus's accounts from Hawara have been vindicated in the extract from the account of lake maris given by Herodotus he mentioned two pyramids each of which rose 93 meters above the surface of the water.and stood in the middle of the lake and the historian declares that on each pyramid was a stone statue seated on a throne the statues according to professor Petry who excavated some parts of them were seated colossi of about 18 meters in height carved in hard quartzite sandstone and brilliantly polished so the description of Herodotus therefore is fully accounted for and it shows that he actually saw the figures and visited the place sounds like another win for Herodotus when the area around the Hawara pyramid.

Egyptian Labyrinth Complex

Lahun pyramid

The Lahun pyramid of Senusret II at El Lahun is the pyramid complex constructed for the pharaoh Senusret II in the Twelfth Dynasty.

Lahun pyramid of Senusret II fayoum

The Lahun Pyramid is one of the most mysterious and fascinating ancient monuments in Egypt. Located in the Fayoum region, it is believed to have been built during the reign of Pharaoh Amenemhat III, who ruled from 1818 to 1775 BC. The pyramid is unique in that it is the only pyramid in Egypt that has never been fully excavated. This has led to much speculation about its purpose and construction

Pyramid of Seila

The pyramid of Seila is one of a group of seven small step pyramids which are very similar to one another, along with the Edfu South pyramid, the pyramid of Elephantine, the pyramid of El-Kula, the pyramid of Naqada, the pyramid of Saujet el-Meitin, and the pyramid of Sinki.

Pyramid of Seila in Fayoum| هرم سيلا بالفيوم

The Seila Pyramid is one of only seven in Egypt with no burial chamber or mortuary complex. It commands a suitable position, sited on the highest point of the desert hills that separate the Fayoum from the Nile Valley, and in its pristine state would have been visible from large areas of both. The pyramid is small, built in steps from locally quarried yellow limestone, and somewhat ruinous, although the structure is quite clear. 

Pyramid of Seila in Fayoum| هرم سيلا بالفيوم

A fragment of statue and two stelae found in the vicinity in the early 1990s have now allowed the pyramid to be dated to the reign of Sneferu, first king of the Fourth Dynasty, in the early Old Kingdom.

Pyramid of Seila in Fayoum| هرم سيلا بالفيوم

Sneferu was the founder and the first king of the Fourth Dynasty of ancient Egypt during the Old Kingdom. Also known under his Hellenized name Soris, he played a major role in the design and construction of the pyramids in Ancient Egypt. 

Pyramid of Seila in Fayoum| هرم سيلا بالفيوم

Sneferu’s reign marked the climax of the Old Kingdom when its royal power reached a zenith under the Fourth Dynasty. He is credited to have introduced major technical innovations in the construction of pyramids and the three major pyramids he built were far larger than those constructed by his predecessors and also differed in their style. The details regarding Sneferu’s parentage are obscure. It is generally believed that he was one of the sons of his predecessor, Huni, and one of his lesser wives or concubines, Meresankh I. 

king Sneferu  pyramids Seila in Fayoum

He later on married Hetepheres I, who would have been at least his half sister, probably by a more senior queen, and this strengthened his claim to the throne. After ascending to the throne Sneferu probably undertook extensive expeditions southward into Nubia, and westward into the Sinai. But he became best known for the designing and construction of pyramids, and is credited with at least one of a series of "regional" or provincial pyramids, at Seila in Fayoum.

Pyramid of Meidum

Meidum, Maydum or Maidum is an archaeological site in Lower Egypt. It contains a large pyramid and several mudbrick mastabas. The pyramid was Egypt's first straight-sided one, but it partially collapsed in ancient times. The area is located around 72 kilometres south of modern Cairo.

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